HINDU RELIGION : Approximate 80% of teh indian population follow Hindu religion.Indian Religions, Hindu Temples, Sadhu, Pandit Hinduism is the only major religion which cannot be tracked back to onw single founder or prophet. It is extremely diversified in its philosophical premises and in its practical expressions. The Hindu religion is a mixture of Aryans and Dravidians elements. The Aryan’s major contribution has been the Vedas, the most Holy of the religious texts of India. The Dravidians contribution is most evident in all the iconographic elements of Hindu Polytheism sects of India, the shaiva and the vaishnava. Hinduism accepts the validity of many paths leading to the same goal, and is willing to recognize the divinity of other religions. The pluaristic approach, while hampering homogeniety, gives Hinduism its amazing popular apepal and makes the Hindu tradition rich and colourful. The hindu temples serves as the nucleus of the religions, social and aesthetic life of the community.
SIKH RELIGION : Nanak (1469-1539), the founder of the Sikh faith, belonged to Punjab(now in Pakistan) region where Hindus and Muslims had come in close contact more than in any other part of India. A Hindu by birth an education, his close companion was a muslim musician. Inspired by his discovery that the essential teaching of both religion was the same, Nanak began to preach his message of the unity and brotherhood. The term Sikh is derived from the Sanskrit word Shishya (disciple).
Sikh Religion, Golden TempleThe spread of the Sikh faith alarmed orthodox Muslims. The Hindus were persecuted. guru Arjun, the fifth guru of Sikhs an the author of holy book “Guru Granth Sahib”, was put to death on a charge of sedition in 1606. Arjun’s martyrdom convinced his successors that Sikhs must have military training amongst Hindus to defend themselves. The 10th guru, Guru Govind Singh, transformed the pacifist Sikh sect into martial community. He introduced rites of initiation into a well organized Sikh army known as Khalsa. Sikhism is strongly monotheistic. It is opposed to the caste and creed system. Although they constitute less that 2 percent of India’s population, the Sikhs have distinguished themselves in various spheres such as Armed forces, industy etc.
ISLAM COMMUNITY : Arab traders came to India as early a the 7th Century AD after that, Muslim invaders made sporatic raids into India from time to time until, at the end of the 12th Century,the first Muslim kingdom was established at Delhi. The Muslims gradually extended their eastwards and southwards. In the region of Allauddin Khilji only the southern tip of India temained outside the sphere of Muslim power.
In its first phase, Islamic in India was aggresive. But the mystics of Islam, known as Sufis, played an important role in spreading the message of universal love and softening the aggresive trends in Islam.
This process of bringing Hinduism and Islam close to each other was continued by two remarkable men: Kabir and Nanak.
Islam’s Spirit brotherhood helped loosening the rigidity of the caste system. The simplicity and directness of Islam led marry Hindus to question the value of conventional rituals. The interaction of the two faiths found aesthetic expression in poetry, music and architectue.
CHRISTIAN COMMUNITY : Christianity in India is as ols as Saint Thomas one of teh Apostles of Jesus Christ. Other accounts describe Saint Bartholomew as the first christian missionary actively can be said to have received momentum with the arrival of Saint Francis Xavies in 1542. His tomb in Goa is still visited by thousands of Catholics every year.